How to Draw What You See

Опубликовал Admin
28-09-2016, 04:20
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Have you ever wanted to capture a beautiful scene or object without simply taking a picture of it? You could sit down and quickly sketch what you see! A hand-drawn image can be much more interesting to look at later. If you are the kind of person who likes to keep a journal, drawings are a great addition to your daily adventures.


  1. Get comfortable. You can't draw well if you are sitting cross-legged on a pile of sharp rocks!
  2. Use a pencil to draw. Do not use a mechanical pencil. It may seem easier, but it's better if you use a graphite pencil (not only is it easier to control, it also doesn't limit your range of motion,and it doesn't leave dents in the paper).
  3. Don't use an eraser at first. You won't need it for the original sketching because it is meant to be quick and very light. The lines you create at first will be barely visible!
  4. Look carefully at the scene or object you want to draw. Visually take a picture of it. Try to absorb every detail into your brain. Spend about 3-4 minutes doing this.
  5. Remember the general rule: objects higher up on the plane (closer to the sky) are generally smaller and farther away than objects lower, which are closer to you. Objects that are far away are less clear and have softer edges as though they are foggy.
  6. You'll notice some artists stick their pencil out in the air between their eye and their subject - this is to measure objects.
  7. Hold your arm out straight with pencil in hand. Move your thumb to take a measurement from the end of the pencil to your thumb. If a person in your scene measures 1/2 the length of your pencil, and the height of a park bench measures 1/4, then make the bench in your drawing half the height of the person.
  8. Sketch the entire scene lightly, keeping the above rules in mind. Sketch so lightly that you can barely see the pencil marks, and only spend about 5 minutes drawing the entire scene.
  9. Don't worry if everything doesn't look right the first time. This is why you drew lightly.
  10. Don't start drawing a tiny portion of your scene and work on that part for a long time. Draw everything at once - otherwise, every part of the drawing will look like it's the wrong size in relation to everything else.
  11. Once you are happy with the general scene you sketched even though it is not perfect, fill in slightly darker lines. You can use these lines to be more careful and correct the first lines. If you mess up, erase the first line. Don't get too dark, or you won't be able to completely erase the lines!
  12. Sketch general shapes; a person's head is an oval, a rock that is resting on the ground should have a flattened bottom, an animal can be drawn with a series of ovals, circles, and hot-dog shapes. Trees are all different - but careful not to make all the trunks and limbs perfectly straight. Even the limbs of a pine tree swoop down slightly and then curve back out to match the horizon line.
  13. If you are drawing geometric shapes like buildings or mechanical objects, you will want a ruler and some templates. (See the list below)
  14. Shade what is not completely drenched in light: use soft line, or crisscrosses, or whatever way you feel comfortable making darker areas. If anything is white or yellow in your scene, don't draw it! Let the paper be the lightest areas.
  15. Color should be used sparingly with pencil drawings, because the lead is sensitive and will smear easily across the page. Colored pencils or markers will make this worse. Painting, however, is an option - you can completely paint over your drawing and use the drawing as a template. Although it is best to photo-copy it first so you can still see your original drawing.


  • Practice drawing easier items first. Some good examples are books, bottles, etc. They will encourage you to draw things a bit harder. Plus, don't give up easily if your drawing isn't really the way you want it to be. Practice is one of the best ways to improve over time.
  • There's nothing wrong with copying, as long as you don't claim it as your own. Copying can be used to help you learn the motions of how things are drawn.
  • For practice, take pictures of your scenes anyway, and draw them later.
  • Go to Pat Catan's, Michael's, or another craft store for your supplies. Department stores usually carry these items as well.
  • Don't trace anything! Anyone can trace, but only a skilled person can draw! Tracing is meant to copy art that already exists. Focus on creating your own.
  • Don't worry if it doesn't turn out exactly!


  • You may have a whole lot of fun in this process. Be sure you are ready for it!
  • Don't sit on any pencils.

Things You'll Need

  • A comfortable spot to sit for about 20 minutes.
  • A mechanical pencil or a #2 pencil and pencil sharpener.
  • An eraser ("kneaded" erasers last longer and leave no mess!)
  • Paper: any sketch pad in the size of your choice will do. Newsprint is extremely thin and will deteriorate easily so you will probably want something thicker. When you purchase the paper, feel a sheet between your fingers. If you want to do marker drawing you will need very thick paper - it should feel like poster board.
  • If you are drawing geometric objects rather than the natural outdoors, you may want to buy some templates and a small ruler. The ruler should be no larger than your paper size. Templates are usually plastic sheets with circle, squares, triangles, and other shapes cut out so you can trace them.
  • Buy a "Triangle" - literally a triangular sheet of plastic - for making 90 degree angles.
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