How to Prepare Garden Soil for Tomatoes

Опубликовал Admin
29-09-2016, 17:45
Growing your own tomatoes will yield fresh, healthy fruit that is available when you need it. Tomatoes require gardening soil that is full of nutrients so not all soil will be good for growing them. Here are some tips on how to prepare garden soil for tomatoes.


  1. Warm the soil.
    • The first step to prepping garden soil for tomatoes is to warm up the soil. Tomatoes grow well in warm soil. Once the temperature of the air starts to rise, it will still take the dirt a while to warm. You can help the warming process along by covering your soil with black plastic to help absorb the sun's heat. Secure the plastic using rocks, bricks or anything else that is heavy and sturdy.
  2. Test the soil's pH level.
    • You can purchase a soil test kit at any garden store. Test your soil according to the test directions. The lower the number you get, the more acidic your soil is, with 7.0 being neutral. Tomatoes will grow best in soil that is just slightly acidic with a pH level at about 6.0 to 7.0. You can adjust your soil's pH if needed. If it is too high, mix some sulfur into the soil. If the pH is too low, add lime to the soil.
  3. Evaluate the nutrients in the soil.
    • The test should also tell you the nutrient and chemical makeup of the soil. Your soil should have a good balance of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus to yield good tomatoes.
    • Nitrogen will help your tomatoes grow healthy leaves. Tomatoes with yellowed leaves may have a nitrogen deficiency. If your soil is lacking nitrogen, you can add more with fertilizer. Organic sources of nitrogen include: alfalfa meal, compost, fish meal, feather meal and leaf mold. Some inorganic sources are: ammonium sulfate, anhydrous ammonia, calcium nitrate and sodium nitrate.
    • Potassium aids in disease resistance and helps the tomatoes grow. A deficiency in potassium may result in slower growth and weakened plants. If your soil needs potassium, you can use wood ash, granite dust, rock sand or potassium sulfate to boost the potassium level.
    • Phosphorus will help the tomatoes' roots and seed formation. Soil that lacks enough phosphorus can produce tomatoes that have reddened stems and stunted growth. If your test results show that you need more phosphorus, you can add some by adding bone meal, compost, super phosphate or rock phosphate to your soil.
  4. Add compost.
    • Compost is a great way to improve gardening soil. It helps to improve the structure, cultivability and nutrition retention. It also attracts earthworms and increase microbes. Compost is made up of broken down organic matter. You can purchase some in a gardening store or you can make your own using yard clippings, leaves and fruit and vegetable wastes.
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