How to Plant Arugula

Опубликовал Admin
26-01-2021, 10:40
Arugula (Eruca) is a leafy green that makes a great addition to salads, soups, pastas, sandwiches and many other dishes. If you're thinking you'd like to grow your own, it's fairly easy to do. In order to properly plant arugula, you'll need to start the seeds, prepare your garden, and then transplant the seedlings.

Starting the Seeds

  1. Purchase common arugula seeds. There are two main types of arugula seeds that you can buy, common and wild italian. Wild italian arugula has more flavor but it's difficult to cook with because it's stemmy and it bolts quickly, which causes it to taste bitter. Make sure to get common arugula packets if you want lush leaves that are easy to cook with.
  2. Start the seeds during early spring or fall. Arugula has the easiest time establishing itself in mildly cool weather. Start the seeds in the early spring or fall so that the temperature is right when you transplant the seedlings to the garden.
  3. Fill a cell container with rich light potting soil. Get a container with separate cells from a home improvement store or garden center. Make sure that each cell has a drainage hole. Fill each cell most of the way up with a light organic compost soil.
  4. Plant seeds in the cells. Put one or two seeds in each cell and then sprinkle some more soil on top of the seeds. The seeds should be placed about ¼ inch (6.5 mm) below the surface of the soil.
  5. Water every other day to keep the soil moist. Initially, it's very important to keep the seeds well watered. It's best to water them every other day, or whenever the top inch (2.5 cm) of soil is dry to the touch.
    • Be careful not to over water; if waterlogging takes place, root rot may set in quickly.
  6. Keep the cells inside in the sunlight until the plants sprout. It's best to keep the cell container inside while you wait for them to sprout. This will keep them from being destroyed by the elements. Place the cell container by a window so that the seeds get enough sunlight or use a standard grow light or incandescent light bulb for extra light.
    • The seeds should take about 4-6 days to sprout.

Sowing Seeds Directly Into the Soil

  1. Plant when there is no danger of frost. You can plant arugula for a spring or summer harvest. In spring, arugula can be sowed directly into the soil after the danger of frost has passed, so wait until after the last frost. As fall approaches, you can plant the arugula about 4 to 6 weeks before the first frost, which will allow you to harvest before cold weather comes.
  2. Space seeds in rows that are 1 foot (.3 meters) apart. Sprinkle plenty of seeds along each row. After they sprout, thin the seedlings to 4 to 6 inches apart so the plants will have enough room to grow.
    • You can use the thinned out seedlings to make a salad.
  3. Sow new seeds every 2 to 3 weeks. To get a continuous harvest during the growing season, plant new seeds every few weeks. Plants are usually able to be harvested four weeks after planting.
    • The growing season typically spans from late spring to late summer or early fall, depending on the first frost.

Preparing the Garden

  1. Pick a spot that gets 6 hours of sun each day. Arugula grows best when it gets a good amount of direct sunlight, but it doesn't handle warmer temperatures well. Find a spot in your garden that gets a lot of direct sunlight throughout the morning and is a little more shaded in the afternoon.
  2. Enrich the garden soil with organic material. Enrich your garden soil with organic material such as compost and dead leaves. This will help the seedlings to quickly adjust to their new environment.
  3. Add organic material or perlite to increase drainage. In order for arugula plants to thrive, it's vital that their soil is well drained. If your garden soil seems to be retaining too much moisture, add organic material or perlite to the soil, which can improve drainage.
  4. Rake the dirt. Gently rake the garden soil so that it's even and free of any big rocks, sticks, or dirt clods. Make sure to rake an area that measures at least about 2 feet (0.6 m) by 3 feet (0.9 m).
  5. Make small holes about 15 inches (38 cm) apart. Use a small gardening hand shovel to dig as many holes as you have seedlings. Make them about as deep as the cells are. Each hole should be 14-16 inches (36-41 cm) away from the others.

Transplanting the Seedlings

  1. Water the seedlings. Water the seedlings in their cells just before transplanting them. This will make the transition easier.
  2. Flip the container and pull the seedlings out. Slowly and carefully turn the cell container upside down. Gently pull the seedlings out without damaging them or separating them from the soil.
  3. Put the seedlings in the holes. Put the seedlings into the holes you dug so that the surface of the soil matches up. Push some garden soil in towards each plant to make sure gaps are filled and the seedlings are supported.
  4. Water the garden. Finally, water the seedlings again once they're all transplanted. Your arugula should be ready to harvest in 30-40 days once the leaves are about 4 inches (10.2 cm) long.
  5. Harvest your arugula. You can harvest your plants gradually or all at once. If you are continuously planting seeds, your crop can continue all summer.
    • For best flavor, harvest the arugula before it bolts or goes to seed.


  • You can also grow arugula microgreens hydroponically or in potting soil.

Things You'll Need

  • Common arugula seeds
  • Organic compost soil
  • Cell container
  • Small rocks
  • Water
  • Rake
  • Hand shovel
  • Ruler or tape measurer
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