How to Survive a Shark Attack

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25-07-2021, 12:50
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Sharks rarely attack, but when they do, severe and sometimes fatal injuries commonly result. Scientists do not believe sharks attack humans to eat us; rather, they bite into our flesh because they are curious to find out what kind of animal we are; kind of like how dogs like to sniff new friends, only a lot more deadly. Staying out of shark habitats is the surest way to avoid getting hurt. If you have accidentally wandered into shark-infested waters, however, you need to have a plan in place.

Playing Defense

  1. Do not take your eyes off the shark. Sharks have several different attack methods. Sometimes they swim right up and charge, sometimes they circle for a while before lunging, and sometimes they sneak up from behind for a surprise attack. To be able to defend against the shark, you must know where it is, so make every effort to watch the animal, even as you are working out your escape.
  2. Stay calm and do not make sudden movements. When you first spot the shark, chances are it will swim away without bothering you. You cannot out-swim a shark, so trying to sprint to safety may not be your best option, unless you are already very close to shore. It is important to keep your wits about you, so you can continuously appraise the situation and figure out how to get to safety.
    • Move slowly toward the shore or a boat; choose whichever is closest. Do not thrash your arms or kick or splash while you swim.
    • Do not block the shark's path. If you are standing between the shark and the open ocean, move away.
    • Do not turn your back on the shark as you move. Remember, it is important to keep the shark in view.
  3. Get into a defensive position. If you cannot get out of the water right away, try to reduce the shark's possible angles of attack. If you are in shallow enough water, keep your feet on the ground. Slowly back up against a reef, piling, or rock outcropping or any solid obstruction so that the shark cannot circle around behind you. This way you only have to defend attacks in front of you.
    • If you are diving near the shore, you may need to descend to find cover. Look for a reef or rock on the bottom of the ocean.
    • In open water, get back-to-back with another swimmer or diver so that you can see, and defend against, an attack from any direction.

Fighting the Shark

  1. Hit the shark in the face and gills.Your best bet, if attacked, is to make the shark see you as a strong, credible threat. Usually, a hard blow to the shark's gills, eyes or snout (end of its nose) will cause it to retreat. These are really the only vulnerable areas on a shark.
    • If you have a spear gun or pole, use it! A sharp object is a good way to inflict enough pain to scare away the shark. Aim for the head, specifically the eyes or the gills.
    • If you do not have a weapon, improvise. Use any inanimate object, such as a camera or a rock to ward off the shark. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/c\/cd\/Survive-a-Shark-Attack-Step-4Bullet2.jpg\/v4-460px-Survive-a-Shark-Attack-Step-4Bullet2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/c\/cd\/Survive-a-Shark-Attack-Step-4Bullet2.jpg\/aid42848-v4-728px-Survive-a-Shark-Attack-Step-4Bullet2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"<div class=\"mw-parser-output\"><p>License: <a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow noreferrer noopener\" class=\"external text\" href=\"https:\/\/creativecommons.org\/licenses\/by-nc-sa\/3.0\/\">Creative Commons<\/a><br>\n<\/p><p><br \/>\n<\/p><\/div>"}
    • If you have nothing around you, use your own body. Aim for the shark's eyes, gills, or snout. Fight with your fists, elbows, knees, and feet. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/f\/fa\/Survive-a-Shark-Attack-Step-4Bullet3.jpg\/v4-460px-Survive-a-Shark-Attack-Step-4Bullet3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/fa\/Survive-a-Shark-Attack-Step-4Bullet3.jpg\/aid42848-v4-728px-Survive-a-Shark-Attack-Step-4Bullet3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"<div class=\"mw-parser-output\"><p>License: <a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow noreferrer noopener\" class=\"external text\" href=\"https:\/\/creativecommons.org\/licenses\/by-nc-sa\/3.0\/\">Creative Commons<\/a><br>\n<\/p><p><br \/>\n<\/p><\/div>"}
    • Sharks have surprisingly rough and sharp skin, unlike the smooth scales of other fish, so be aware of this.
  2. Keep fighting if the shark persists. Hit the eyes and gills repeatedly with hard, sharp jabs. Do not wind up before hitting, since this does not provide extra force underwater. You can also claw at the eyes and the gills. Keep doing this until the shark lets you go and swims away.

Escaping and Getting Help

  1. Get out of the water. Even if the shark swims away, you are not truly safe until you are out of the water. Sharks may leave temporarily and then come back to continue the attack. Get back to shore or back on the boat as quickly as possible.
    • If a boat is nearby, call out calmly, but loudly, for them to come to you. Stay as still as possible while waiting, as long as the shark is not actively attacking you; and get into the boat as quickly as possible, once the boat reaches you.
    • If you are near shore, swim quickly, but smoothly. Thrashing will attract the shark's attention again and disperse your blood, which could draw more sharks. Do the smooth reverse breast stroke, which requires less splashing than other strokes. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/1\/11\/Survive-a-Shark-Attack-Step-5Bullet2.jpg\/v4-460px-Survive-a-Shark-Attack-Step-5Bullet2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/1\/11\/Survive-a-Shark-Attack-Step-5Bullet2.jpg\/aid42848-v4-728px-Survive-a-Shark-Attack-Step-5Bullet2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"<div class=\"mw-parser-output\"><p>License: <a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow noreferrer noopener\" class=\"external text\" href=\"https:\/\/creativecommons.org\/licenses\/by-nc-sa\/3.0\/\">Creative Commons<\/a><br>\n<\/p><p><br \/>\n<\/p><\/div>"}
  2. Get medical attention. If you have been bitten, get treatment as soon as possible. Massive blood loss could occur, depending on where you have been bitten, so immediately take appropriate steps to stop the bleeding. Even if your wounds appear minor, it is essential to get yourself checked out. Remain calm until you get medical care, so that your blood does not pump faster through your body.

Tips

  • Be aware of your surroundings. Sharks usually hunt at drop-offs or near banks. If you see fish continuously jumping out of the water, it probably means there is a predator around, which may be a shark.
  • Avoid splashing, kicking, or thrashing about in panic, as this may encourage the shark to attack.
  • Do not go swimming at dawn, dusk or at night because these are the times when sharks feed.
  • Do not be too scared of sharks. Normally, they are not trying to hurt you. If there is a shark swimming calmly nearby, do not attempt to attack; more often than not, they mean you no harm.
  • If you are bleeding, avoid going in the water.
  • Do not give up. As long as you keep fighting, there is a good chance the shark will eventually give up and search for easier prey.
  • Stay out of shark infested waters. If there was a shark attack a week ago or a day ago, do not go into the water, until the lifeguard tells you that it is okay to do so.
  • Do not wear bright jewelry or watches. It attracts sharks. Instead, choose dark, plain colors.
  • Do not cut off a shark's path to the ocean. It will feel threatened and may go on the offence.
  • Try to wear dark clothes if you are going under water.
  • Do not swim alone, no matter what the time is. Sharks still hunt during the day.
  • Always be aware of the shark. Do not play dead as an aggressive shark will go for you.
  • Even if it is unlikely it will occur, you should always be alert in case it happens.
  • To divers, if you are getting followed by a shark, you should have a knife on you or a spike. If the shark is waiting for a time to strike, however, try to wait it out. You are safer near cover and underwater with good sight then you are going up to the surface and losing sight of the creature.
  • Never get on top of a shark. Sharks are flexible and they can turn their head and easily attack.
  • Remember to breathe as you fight. You need adequate oxygen to effectively defend against an attack in order to make a quick getaway and retreat to safety.
  • Stay calm. Keep calmly swimming to shore or to anything near you that you could rest on, without being in the water, and then call for help.
  • Remember not to make any sudden movements. This will attract the shark, as it will be able to sense your movement.
  • If you are attacked while in a group, form a circle and defend yourselves from the circle. Kick and punch outwards from the circle.
  • Sharks tend to thrash prey around and to tear chunks out of their prey, so if the person bitten essentially "hugs" the shark (latching onto it), they sharply reduce the risk of having large quantities of skin or limbs altogether ripped off of their body. Also, doing this prevents the bitten area from being stuck even more in the shark's mouth, as shark teeth are pointed inward to lock in their prey..
  • If going for a swim in the ocean, bring others along as you are always safer in a group, and bring a diving knife.
  • Never play dead around a shark. This will only make them mistake you for free prey. They will attack and your chances of survival will be limited.
  • If you have been bitten and if you are bleeding after the bite, try and keep that area out of the water.
  • Shark scales are very rough and can cut flesh quite easily. If you are free swimming (no wet-suit or gloves) do not attempt to grab a shark fin or back, (grey areas) these spots can cut you or rub your skin off, causing you to bleed and most likely triggering a sharks blood lust.

Warnings

  • Never provoke a shark or intentionally put yourself in a position in which you are likely to be attacked.
  • Do not swim away from shark at any situation. The shark moves much faster than you.
  • Do not hit the nose of shark, aim to strike the eyes . You can not only hit the eyes but also its gills. Hitting the nose will cause shark to bite.
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