How to Find the Equation of a Perpendicular Line Given an Equation and Point

Опубликовал Admin
28-11-2017, 18:00
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Equations of perpendicular lines are usually introduced in the beginning of Geometry. Some students may find them complex, but with this guide, you can find perpendicular lines with ease!

Steps

  1. Identify the equation's slope.  In this guide, the slope would be m in slope-intercept form (y=mx+b).  The photo above identifies 2/3 as the slope.
  2. Change the slope.  To change the slope, you must convert the value into its opposite (positive to negative or negative to positive).  Plus, it must be put into its reciprocal version.  The order in which the conversion is done does not matter.  Refer to the example above.
    • 2/3 becomes -2/3.  This makes the slope opposite.
    • -2/3 becomes -3/2.  This makes the slope both oppostie and reciprocal.  Thus, the slope has been converted.
  3. Write the new equation in slope-intercept form.  Replace the old slope with the new slope.  Replace the y-intercept's value with a variable (b).
  4. Plug in the point's x- and y-values.  This will make the equation ready to be solved.  Solving it will lead to the y-intercept's value being found.
  5. Solve the equation.  Multiply the new slope with the x-value.  Then, cancel out the product (make it become 0) with either addition or subtraction.  Don't forget to add or subtract the y-value too.  In the end, you should get the y-intercept.
  6. Write the perpendicular line's equation.  Still using slope-intercept form, use the new slope and the new y-intercept's value.  This is the final answer.
  7. (Optional) Check whether or not your answer is correct.  Graph the two equations and measure one of the angles; according to the definition of a perpendicular line, all four angles have to measure 90 degrees.
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