How to Find the Equation of a Perpendicular Line Given an Equation and Point
Equations of perpendicular lines are usually introduced in the beginning of Geometry. Some students may find them complex, but with this guide, you can find perpendicular lines with ease!
Steps

Identify the equation's slope. In this guide, the slope would be m in slopeintercept form (y=mx+b). The photo above identifies 2/3 as the slope.

Change the slope. To change the slope, you must convert the value into its opposite (positive to negative or negative to positive). Plus, it must be put into its reciprocal version. The order in which the conversion is done does not matter. Refer to the example above.
 2/3 becomes 2/3. This makes the slope opposite.
 2/3 becomes 3/2. This makes the slope both oppostie and reciprocal. Thus, the slope has been converted.

Write the new equation in slopeintercept form. Replace the old slope with the new slope. Replace the yintercept's value with a variable (b).

Plug in the point's x and yvalues. This will make the equation ready to be solved. Solving it will lead to the yintercept's value being found.

Solve the equation. Multiply the new slope with the xvalue. Then, cancel out the product (make it become 0) with either addition or subtraction. Don't forget to add or subtract the yvalue too. In the end, you should get the yintercept.

Write the perpendicular line's equation. Still using slopeintercept form, use the new slope and the new yintercept's value. This is the final answer.

(Optional) Check whether or not your answer is correct. Graph the two equations and measure one of the angles; according to the definition of a perpendicular line, all four angles have to measure 90 degrees.
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