How to Relieve Barometric Pressure Headaches

Опубликовал Admin
10-05-2018, 14:00
If you develop headaches before a big storm or when flying, learn how to manage these barometric pressure headaches. Although they're caused by a dramatic change in the air pressure around you, treat a barometric pressure headache like other types of headaches. Take medication to treat the headache and manage your pain at home. To prevent future barometric pressure headaches, become aware of air pressure changes and make simple lifestyle adjustments.

Taking Medication

  1. Recognize signs of a barometric pressure headache. You may develop symptoms of a headache up to 2 days before a change in the weather. For example, you might notice pain around your temples, forehead, or the back of your head. Other signs of a barometric pressure headache include:
    • Nausea
    • Stomach pain such as vomiting or diarrhea
    • Depression
    • Sensitivity to light
    • Numbness or tingling on your face or one side of your body
    • Throbbing waves of pain
  2. Take over-the-counter (OTC) medications. You can buy several kinds of medication from your local pharmacy to treat your barometric pressure headache. Try OTC non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) such as aspirin or ibuprofen. You can also take OTC pain relievers such as acetaminophen.
    • Follow the manufacturer's dosing instructions.
    • For barometric pressure migraines, take an OTC combination medication designed specifically for migraines.
  3. Spread an analgesic product over painful areas. Because severe headaches can slow down your digestion, it may take longer than usual for oral medications such as ibuprofen or aspirin to begin working. For faster pain relief, buy analgesic cream or gel. Follow the product instructions to spread the analgesic on your temples, neck, head, or forehead.
    • You can also try nasal sprays that contain capsaicin. Studies have shown that this treatment quickly relieves severe headaches.
  4. Use anti-nausea medication. If your headache makes you nauseous and you can't keep your pain relievers down, consider taking anti-nausea medication. This will prevent you from vomiting so that oral pain relievers can work faster to relieve your headache.
    • You can stagger your treatments. For example, take the anti-nausea medication 15 minutes before taking the OTC pain relievers.
  5. Talk with your doctor if the headache worsens or doesn't improve. If you've taken over-the-counter pain medication or made lifestyle adjustments and the headache doesn't go away, contact your doctor. This is especially important if the pain is severe or prevents you from functioning. You should also get medical attention if you have:
    • Severe symptoms or symptoms that start within a few seconds of experiencing pressure changes
    • Fever
    • Bloody diarrhea
    • Memory or vision loss
    • Weakness or numbness

Managing Barometric Pressure Headaches at Home

  1. Apply an ice pack to your head or neck. Get quick pain relief by wrapping a cloth or towel around an ice pack. Hold the wrapped pack over the part of your head that's throbbing or aching. Keep the pack on your head for 20 minutes.
    • Reapply the ice pack throughout the day if your headache returns.
  2. Take a warm bath or shower. Some people find that relaxing in warm water can relieve the pain of a barometric pressure headache. If you prefer, use hot water since the steam may help open your sinuses.
    • Soak or shower for as long as it's comfortable.
  3. Practice deep breathing or relaxation techniques. Let yourself relax and breathe in slowly through your nose. Once you've taken as big of a breath as you can, slowly and evenly release the breath through your nose. Repeat this or your favorite relaxation technique to manage the pain of your headache. Other relaxation techniques include:
    • Massage
    • Yoga
    • Tai chi
    • Walking or swimming
    • Meditation or guided imagery
  4. Avoid additional triggers that can make the headache worse. If you know that other things also cause you to develop headaches, avoid those things while you have a barometric pressure headache since they may make your headache worse. Common headache triggers include:
    • Caffeine
    • Alcohol
    • Sugar
    • Trans/saturated fats
    • Bright lights
    • Noise
    • Strong smells

Preventing Barometric Pressure Headaches

  1. Buy a barometer to monitor changes in air pressure. Purchase a small barometer that you can install at home. Pay attention to whether the pressure drops or rises suddenly before you develop a headache. Then in the future, take preventative headache medication at the first sign that the pressure is changing quickly.
    • Check to see if your cell phone has a barometer app. This can alert you if the pressure begins to rise or drop.
    • It's also a good idea to watch the weather predictions for pressure changes.
  2. Drink more water than usual. Because dehydration is a common headache trigger and hydration is key in managing a headache, men should drink 15 cups (3,500 ml) of water a day while women should drink 1 cup (240 ml).
    • Staying hydrated is especially important if you notice that increased humidity triggers your headaches.
  3. Eat magnesium-rich foods. If you know the weather will be changing, include magnesium in your diet or take a supplement. Magnesium can block pain receptors in the brain and prevent blood vessels from narrowing in the brain. If you want to supplement, ask your doctor before you begin taking 1 400 to 500 mg magnesium oxide pill every day. To get magnesium from your diet, eat more:
    • Dark leafy greens
    • Fish
    • Soybeans
    • Avocado
    • Bananas
  4. Avoid glare and sudden changes in lighting. If you've noticed that bright light, glare, or sensitivity to fluorescent lights triggers your headache or makes it worse, pay attention to weather changes. For example, if the weather has been overcast and a bright, sunny day is predicted, be prepared to take medication, stay indoors, or wear sunglasses.
    • Extreme changes in weather can also bring changes to humidity, pressure, and temperature which can affect your headaches.
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