How to Draw Guru Nanak

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30-07-2018, 01:00
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Sikhism originated in India. Traditionally, Sikhs wear a Turban, Pagari, or the Pagadi and are known for their loyalty to their religion and to the nation. Guru Nanak is the God of the Sikhs and of many others. He was born in present day Pakistan in the year 1469 to Hindu parents. This wikiHow will guide you in drawing Guru Nanak in a sitting position. To draw Guru Nanak, the first of the eleven Gurus of Sikhism, you will do better if you make His facial features as prominent as you can.

Steps

  1. Study Guru Nanak's image. If you look carefully at Guru Nanak's picture, you will sense that He has a divine countenance. His palm and the slightly angled head convey the feeling of Him blessing onlookers. Focus on these aspects in order that your creation properly reflects the feeling of him reaching out spiritually.
  2. Pencil in light guidelines and the general shapes. There are three main divisions in the drawing. The top is for the head, the second is for the abdomen and the lower for the folded legs.
    • Draw an oval in the upper division. Leave some space for the middle of the body. This will require just a tad more space than the head. For the legs, draw a longer, horizontal oval. This oval will become the right leg.
    • You are allowed to make mistakes while making these guidelines. As you refine the drawing, you will get a better idea of proportions. Feel free to erase/redraw any of the shapes for accuracy and aesthetics.
    • It will help to sketch the guidelines ever so lightly so that after erasing they won't be visible.
  3. Refine the details of the lower face. To fill out the jaw area, make an outline of the beginnings of the beard. Right above it sketch some small almond shaped lips and over them, draw two horizontal bent lines, one above the other, for the moustache.
  4. Draw the nose. Starting above the moustache make a scalloped line horizontally. It should have with 3 curves with the middle curve lower than the other two. Next, draw a vertical tube using graceful curves.
    • His nose will look more realistic if you make it thinner on the top and a bit flared at the bottom.
  5. Draw the eyes. Make two almond shapes for the eyes, then pencil in some eyelids above of the eyes. The eyelids should be shaped to follow the upper line of the eye. Draw a 'U' inside the almond shape of each eye for the pupils.
    • Try to leave a bit of space between the 'U' shape and the lower eyelid. Doing so helps make the face look wiser and more divine.
    • Shade the inside of the pupils making sure to leave a little patch of white. For this, you may use any colour that looks natural.
    • Remember: The more shaded the pupils are, the better they will look.
  6. Construct the eyebrows. Make them thick and shaded and a little raised at the center. This arch can be linear or curved as is natural for you to draw.
  7. Make the Turban. Start with a wide inverted "V" on the forehead and join the two low points with a downward curving arc that is a little less curved than the top of the head. Next, sketch two roughly vertical lines, one on each side of the upside down "V." Each should flare slightly outward as it rises. Now make a downward curving arc to join these (as the very top of the Turban).
    • To make an ornamental turban, add two rows of beaded chain around it.
    • Next, add details of the folds above the forehead area of the Turban. Just follow the inverted 'V' you first drew.
      • Start on the left and have the folds slant upward to the right, stopping just below the beaded chain. The first of these crosses the centre line of the face and each should be roughly parallel to the left side of the first inverted "V."
      • On the right side, make downward slanting lines which almost meet the upward slanting fold that crossed the centre line, but not quite.
      • Finally, above the beaded chain, continue the pattern of folds upward and to the right.
  8. Give shape to the face. If the face is looks too round or a bit "off," you can make corrections by erasing the outline of the face and redrawing the slightly curved lines from the Turban to the beard.
    • Of course, if your drawing needs no correction, there is no need to erase or change it.
  9. Make the arms. Start near both the ends of the moustache and make two lines for the outline of the shoulders and arms.
    • Keep the shoulders slightly rounded.
  10. Add the shawl. Make an outline for the shawl. Start at the neck (outline of the beard) and make two lines going down from each side of the beard. These delineate the shawl which can be any colour you choose.
  11. Sketch the open palm of the right hand. You can start by making the lines on the left side of each finger. Have these lines bend slightly towards the right, then connect the lines with an upside down 'U.' Try to keep the ends of the fingers slightly pointed at the tips. Complete the palm with a 'U' or just a curved line. Next add the details:
    • Make 3 small lines on each finger.
    • After the 4 fingers are done, start the thumb by sketching an 'L' below the base of the pointer finger. Finish off the thumb in proportion to the fingers. The thumb should be open rather folded across the open palm.
    • For a finishing touch, you can make 3 lines on the palm.
  12. Flesh out the right arm. Make a wrist connected to the right palm by closing the wrist line. Sketch the forearm coming from the sleeve of Guru Nanak's robe.
    • Add natural looking creases by drawing a few lines which follow the flow of the garment. The loose sleeves should have lines that go nearly vertically downward.
  13. Add details to the garment. Make a few vertical lines on the top half of the outfit of Guruji.
    • Finish by drawing 2 or 3 horizontal lines in the centre of the chest section. Overall, your sketch should suggest an opening or slit where the garment is bound and cinched closed.
    • Embellish the garment with a few curved lines on the legs.
  14. Finalize the left arm. Draw the elbow slightly bent. The arm will end with the hand resting on the knee.
  15. Detail the fingers of the left hand. Create a bent thumb, the inside of which is an 'S' shape. Outline the other fingers with two bent lines each.
    • You can also draw fingers simply by making 4 elongated U's of the correct size.
  16. Add fingernails to the left hand. Complete the tips of the fingers using wavy lines, then add 'U' shaped nails on all 4 fingers. The nail on the thumb can be drawn like a comma or a slightly curved '7'.
    • Add detail to the fingers by making 2 small lines on each of them and 1 at the center of the thumb.
    • To make the fingers even more elegant and flowing, you may draw the tips bent to the right.
  17. Draw big toe on the right foot as a distorted '3'. Half of the right foot will have the right palm on it, so position the big toe keeping this in mind.
  18. Complete the right foot. Draw the other 4 toes slightly resembling stretched and slightly curving U's. Draw the foot a little away from the tip of the fingers of the right hand. This will help with the proportion of the foot.
    • You can get the toes just right by making each smaller in proportion.
    • Create the toenails with a single line for the 4 smaller toes, but the bigger toe can have a prominent box-shaped nail.
  19. Draw the left foot. Drawing only half of the left foot is also okay as the rest of the foot can be assumed to be covered by the dress. Draw the big toe with a sleeping '3'. For the rest of the toes make 4 tick marks.
  20. Complete the toes. Close the toes and make nails on each of them.
  21. Colour Guru Nanak. For colouring, you can use a single beige or wheatish colour for all of the skin and add a little brown as shade for the highlights on His features. These include, but are not limited to the sides of the nose, sides of the face, and the gaps between all His fingers and toes.
    • The image you draw can be enhanced by adding a colourful, luminous background surrounding Guru Nanak.
    • Add a white or any other coloured circle behind His face to give the halo effect indicating holiness. Alternatively you can create rays on the top section of the drawing.
    • Highlight the folds of the garment with a darker shade, but use a lighter tint for the base colour.
    • You can choose to blend a few colours like a rainbow or use a single colour all over the background.
    • If you like, you can leave the entire drawing black and white using charcoal or you can create a monochromatic look by using the shades and tints of any single colour.

Tips

  • Remember the guide lines are only for proportion. They can be altered as the drawing progresses. These guide lines are intended to help you visualize spaces so you can more easily create the desired image of the right size and proportions.
  • Try to make a healthy looking Nanak as He is depicted in most of His images.
  • You can make a standing Guru Nanak with these instructions. Just draw the garment longer and end beneath it sketch the toes of both feet.
  • For a smaller picture, draw a bust by sketching from the midline of His pectoral muscles up. Include the outstretched hand and the background effect of your choosing.
  • Outline the drawing either with black or any colour of your choice.
  • Outline the facial features carefully with a thin brush or a sketching pen as you like.

Warnings

  • Carefully colour the drawing with the colouring instruments of your choice. If you fear the bleeding of colours you may use colouring pencils instead of watercolors, oils, or acrylics.
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